Applying Wood Stain
- The basic application method of this wood finish product is to, Apply and then clean off
. Wood floor stains can be applied many, many different ways
. But, they all have to be cleaned off, normally with a rag.
Before you apply your wood floor stains, apply a coat of wood conditioner, or water pop your wood grains first.
This will prevent blotching and any unevenness in the color.
Learn more about stains at Minwax wood stain
. Then come back, and learn our techniques on how to apply wood floor stain.
You can apply wood stain, using the following methods
How To Stain Wood - Brush And Lambs Wool Applicator
Start from furthest from your exit
, and work towards it.
Use a brush and lambs wool applicator
, to apply your wood stain. Use an angle brush to cut
along the edges. Then use a lambs wool applicator
to stain the body of the wood flooring.
Note: The lambs wool applicator, really soaks up the stain, avoid fully submerge the applicator in the stain color.
Try and squeeze out the wood floor stain, that's in the lambs wool, and avoid leaving any standing puddles
. Some wood species are very porous, puddles can leave darker spots.
Apply an thin, even coat
throughout your wood floor. Don't worry about foot prints, these will
be wiped up, later.
Wood Stain Removal - Cleaning
- Using a lightly damped stained rag, wipe off any excess wood floor stain. Avoid leaving smudges or lap marks
. After, the wood stains dries, it can be difficult to remove and tricky to blend in.
You can also use a floor buffer with a white buffing pad to clean the excess stain, also. This is covered later on in the article.
Keep an eye out for splashes or drips
, when using this method. This cleaning method
is useful when your dealing with a large amount of sq. footage.
How To Stain Wood - Rag-On, Rag-Off
This method is good for small jobs or small areas. Starting from the furthest wall from your exit, applying the wood floor stain lengthwise of your floor boards or with the grain.
a 18-24 inch depth a depth that is within your reach, and the entire room length or area, with wood floor stain.
Wait about 3-5 minutes for the stain to penetrate, porous wood requires less time, sometimes zero.
any excess stain with a lightly damp stained rag
Repeat this process
until, you've complete the project. Avoid leaving any lap marks, drips, splashes etc.
How To Stain Wood - Hand Spray Bottle And Flooring Buffer
3. Using a clean spray or spritz bottle.
Fill the bottle with your wood floor stain color.
Note: Wear a mask, when using this method, to prevent from breathing in the fumes.
Use a rag containing stain, apply wood floor stain around the edges
. Then, with the spray bottle
, apply stain by spraying it or spritzing, directly to the floor.
Note: Avoid getting stain on other finished surfaces, mask off, if necessary.
Spray the entire floor, or a small area. It's more helpful
to have a helper do the spraying. While you operate the wood floor buffer
with a white cleaning pad
, begin to clean-off excess stain, starting at furthest from exit.
Remove all buff marks and splashes that the buffer may produce.
When you reach the exit, remove the buffer, then clean excess
wood floor stain with a damp stained rag.
Do not use
this method on soft wood, such as whitepine, yellowpine, fir, heartpine, etc. You'll end up with too much blotching
even if you use wood conditioner. Use method 2, instead.
How To Stain Wood - Buff-On and Buff-Off
4. Cut in the edge
with stain with either a rag or a brush, then clean stain.
Using a white cleaning pad, pour your stain directly onto the pad.
Pour a generous amount, but we want the pad damp not soaked. We can always add more when needed.
your stain using your buffer, direction which you move is not important for the buff-on process, work from the center of the area out to the edges
. Apply wood floor stain to the entire room.
your wood floor stain by continously working the buffer until the pad stops releasing wood stains, and the color is even and free of blemishes and defects. Or by using a seperate clean white pad
, remove all swirls and splashes as you work your way towards the exit.
As you exit the area, remove the buffer onto a protected surface, away from the work area. Clean-off your shoes and wipe off the remaining wood floor stain with a rag at the exit and allow stain to dry.
Uneven staining or lap marks
Use mineral spirit
to clean or lighten stain, then reapply stain. For, a stronger cleaning solution use Acetone
For a richer looking stain color
, apply 2 coats of wood stains, apply a thin second coat
Do not apply more than 2 coats of stain
, your wood floor stain will start to look like paint and may cause a bonding issue with your wood finish coat.
When the stain is dried, test
the wood flooring surface for moisture, using a moisture meter
. Before, applying top coats.
should be 6% or less.
Allow wood stain to dry naturally, room temperature should be around 70 degrees.
If, stain is tacky
after 8-12 hours, Wipe down
with a clean dry rag, turn up the heat
to a higher temperature. Then allow to dry.
Keep warm air
inside the home, to help dry-off the stain. Use a dehumidifier
to remove moisture from the air. Wet air
can prevent stain from drying.
If, stain remains tacky
after using all these drying methods. Wipe down stain with mineral spirit then re-apply stain, then allow to dry
White Wood Stain
For white wood stain - wood floor finishes
, water pop your wood grain, then apply two coats of white stain, then apply a non-yellowing
water based wood finish. Do not use white stain over sappy wood, saps will bleed through
If, your using white wood stain over white oak flooring, you may need to bleach
the hardwood flooring first.
You can also use a white-wash method
, dilute paint in water an apply like stain. Multiple coats will result in a painted surface
Wood species best
for a white stain or white wash are: White Ash, White Birch, Maple, Beech, Red Oak, White oak
(requires bleaching). Use only select grade or clear grade
to get the best looking result.
Using any other wood specie or a lower grade flooring, you will experience color variation, wood character, sap, or natural wood color may bleed through.
Repairing wood stain - wood floor finishes
can be a tedious job. You can actually turn a small job into a big one
with this wood floor finish.
If, it's a small little spot, that may get covered up with furniture or rugs. You should leave it alone.
Otherwise try these tricks and techniques
to help you fix your wood floor stain job.
Wet Spots or Bleed Backs - These are excessive stain applied to your hardwood floors. Simply wipe away with a dry rag and allow stain to dry.
Lap marks,Dark spots and Lines - Wipe down with a rag lightly damped with mineral spirit, to matching tone. If, too light, re-apply a thin coat of wood stain, then allow to dry. If, necessary apply additional coat of stain.
Clean off overlapping wood stains - wood floor finishes with mineral spirit. For a stronger solvent use Acetone.
: Lines can be created from a poor sanding job, if so, resand spot then re-apply stain.
Spot Sand - only spot sand if you discover foot prints or unwanted marks in your stain, that can not cleaned off with mineral spirit.
Note: The same piece of wood will not stain the same.
Spot sand using the same final sanding grit. Use the same process that you used prior to applying your wood floor stain coat. This will help you get the best match.
Apply the stain and use mineral spirit to clean-off overlapping stain, to avoid a blotchy look or sanding ring.
In some cases, it may be necessary, that you resand the area, wall to wall, and as many rows of flooring needed, then re-applying your stain, to achieve the best match.
These four methods
are the most effective on how to stain wood floor finishes. Some wood species will be more challenging then others.
Always test a small area, before applying stain
Now, that your a Pro
on wood floor staining and applying wood dye. Let's apply the protective top coats
General Finishes EF Stains available at Rockler.com
G and S woodfloors Lynn,Massachusetts