Ready to apply your wood floor stains? Before you start are your floors stain ready? You are probably wondering, what do I mean? Is my stain ready?
If, this is your first time staining a floor. It is more than likely and probable. That it is also, your first sanding job. And if, you were told to just remove the shiny finish on your floors. Then it is more probable and likely that. You're floors are not stain ready. Before continuing, check your sanding. Make sure you have removed all existing finish, before applying your wood stain. Simple test is to wipe down the surface with a damp rag. The color of the flooring should be even. If, there is any uneveness, then you will need to bring the sanding equipment back in. And resand the floor until all the existing floor finish have been removed.
Wood floor Stains - The basic application method of this wood floor finish product is to apply and then clean off. Wood stains can be applied in many, many different ways. There are also, many ways to clean them off.
Before you apply your wood stain color, water-pop your wood grain first. This will prevent blotching and any unevenness in the wood stain color. Simply apply water and let dry before applying wood stain.
Learn more about wood stains at Minwax.com. Then come back, and learn our techniques on how to apply wood stain color.
You can apply wood stains, by using the following methods.
Start from furthest from your exit and work towards it. Using a brush and lamb's wool applicator to apply your wood stain color. Use an angle brush to cut along the edges. Then use a lamb's wool applicator to stain the main body of the wood flooring.
Try and squeeze out the wood stain, that's in the lamb's wool and avoid leaving any standing puddles. Some wood species are very porous, puddles can leave darker spots.
Apply a thin, even coat throughout your wood floor. Don't worry about foot prints, wet footprints can be wiped up.
Note: The lambs wool applicator, really soaks up the stain, avoid fully submerge the applicator in the stain color.
Cleaning - Using a lightly damped stained rag, wipe off any excess wood floor stain. Avoid leaving smudges, marks, drips, puddles or lap marks. After, the stain dries, it can be difficult to remove and tricky to blend in.
You can also, use a floor buffer with a carpet disc, 3M driver pad or Norton's white polishing pad to clean the excess stain, also. This is covered later on, in the article. This cleaning method is useful when your dealing with a large amount of sq. footage.
Rag on, rag off method is good for small jobs or small areas. After careful planning, starting from the furthest wall from your exit. Applying the wood stain the same direction as the grain, lengthwise of your flooring boards.
Pre-stain a 18-24 inch wide, a distance that is within your reach and the entire length of the room with wood floor stain color. Wait about 3-5 minutes for the stain to penetrate, porous wood requires less time, sometimes no waiting. Then wipe-off any excess stain with a lightly damp stained rag.
Repeat this process until, you've complete the project. Avoid leaving any lap marks, drips, splashes etc..
Note: Wear a mask, when using this method, to prevent from breathing in the over spray.
Using a clean spray or spritz bottle. Fill the bottle with your wood floor stain color. Use a rag containing stain, apply wood floor stain around the edges. Then, with the spray bottle, apply stain by spraying it or spritzing, directly to the floor.
Note: Avoid getting wood stain color on other finished surfaces, mask off, if necessary.
Spray the entire room or a small area. It's also, helpful to have a helper spray the wood stain color. While you operate the wood floor buffer with a Norton's white polishing pad, begin to equalize the wood floor stain thoroughly. Then buff the room a second time to clean-off excess stain, slings and swirls, starting at furthest point from your exit.
Remove all buffing marks and splashes that the buffer may produce.
When you reach the exit, remove the buffer, then clean off, any left over wood floor stain with a lightly stained rag.
Cut in the edge with wood stain color, using either a rag or a brush. Then clean the wood stain.
Using a white cleaning pad, pour your stain directly onto the pad. Pour a generous amount onto the pad. So the pad is damp, not soaked. Add more as needed.
Buff-on your stain using your buffer. The direction which you move is not important for the buff-on process, work from the center of the area out to the edges. Apply the stain color to the entire room.
Buff-off your wood floor stains by continuously working the buffer until the pad stops releasing wood stains and the color is even. You can also, use a separate clean white polishing pad, remove all swirls and splashes as you work your way towards the exit.
As you exit the area, remove the buffer onto a protected surface, away from the work area. Clean-off your shoes and wipe off the remaining wood floor stains with a rag at the exit and allow wood stain color to dry.
For Uneven staining or lap marks, use mineral spirit to clean or lighten stain, then re-apply stain if needed. For, a stronger cleaning solution, use Acetone.
Allow wood floor stain color to dry naturally at room temperature, should be around 70 degrees.
If, stain is tacky after 8-12 hours, Wipe down with a clean dry rag, turn up the heat to a higher temperature. Then allow to dry. Keep warm air inside the home to help dry-off the stain. Use a dehumidifier to remove moisture from the air. Wet air will prevent stain from drying.
If, wood stain color remains tacky after using all these drying methods. Wipe down wood stain with mineral spirit, then allow to dry. Check the home for moisture issues. Once the moisture issue is resolved, re-apply a coat of stain.
For white wood stain - water-pop your wood grain, then apply two coats of white stain, then apply a non-yellowing water based wood finish. Do not use white stain over sappy wood, saps will bleed through.
If, you're using white wood stain over white oak flooring, you may need to bleach the hardwood flooring first. You can also use a white-wash method, dilute paint in water an apply like stain. Multiple coats will result in a painted surface.
Wood species best for a white stain or white wash are: White Ash, White Birch, Maple, Beech, Red Oak, White oak (requires bleaching). Use only select grade or clear grade to get the best looking result. Using any other wood specie or a lower grade flooring, you will experience color variation, wood character, wood sap, or natural wood color may bleed through.
Repairing wood floor stains can be a tedious job. You can actually turn a small job into a big one with this wood floor finish. If, it's a small little spot, that may get covered with furniture or rugs. You should leave it alone. Save yourself the aggravation. Otherwise, try these tricks and techniques to help you fix your wood stain job.
These four methods are the most effective on how to stain wood floor finishes.
Some wood species will be more challenging than others.
Always test a small area, before applying stain.
Now, that you're a Pro on wood floor staining. Let's apply the protective top coats.
G and S wood floors Lynn,Massachusetts